Probability and Statistical Inference
Advances in computing technology – particularly in science and business – have increased the need for more statistical scientists to examine the huge amount of data being collected. Written by veteran statisticians, Probability and Statistical Inference, 10th Edition emphasizes the existence of variation in almost every process, and how the study of probability and statistics helps us understand this variation.
This applied introduction to probability and statistics reinforces basic mathematical concepts with numerous realworld examples and applications to illustrate the relevance of key concepts. It is designed for a twosemester course, but it can be adapted for a onesemester course. A good calculus background is needed, but no previous study of probability or statistics is required."
Table of Content
1. Probability
1.1 Properties of Probability
1.2 Methods of Enumeration
1.3 Conditional Probability
1.4 Independent Events
1.5 Bayes' Theorem
2. Discrete Distributions
2.1 Random Variables of the Discrete Type
2.2 Mathematical Expectation
2.3 Special Mathematical Expectations
2.4 The Binomial Distribution
2.5 The Hypergeometric Distribution
2.6 The Negative Binomial Distribution
2.7 The Poisson Distribution
3. Continuous Distributions
3.1 Random Variables of the Continuous Type
3.2 The Exponential, Gamma, and ChiSquare Distributions
3.3 The Normal Distribution
3.4 Additional Models
4. Bivariate Distributions
4.1 Bivariate Distributions of the Discrete Type
4.2 The Correlation Coefficient
4.3 Conditional Distributions
4.4 Bivariate Distributions of the Continuous Type
4.5 The Bivariate Normal Distribution
5. Distributions of Functions of Random Variables
5.1 Functions of One Random Variable
5.2 Transformations of Two Random Variables
5.3 Several Independent Random Variables
5.4 The MomentGenerating Function Technique
5.5 Random Functions Associated with Normal Distributions
5.6 The Central Limit Theorem
5.7 Approximations for Discrete Distributions
5.8 Chebyshev's Inequality and Convergence in Probability
5.9 Limiting MomentGenerating Functions
6. Point Estimation
6.1 Descriptive Statistics
6.2 Exploratory Data Analysis
6.3 Order Statistics
6.4 Maximum Likelihood and Method of Moments Estimation
6.5 A Simple Regression Problem
6.6 Asymptotic Distributions of Maximum Likelihood Estimators
6.7 Sufficient Statistics
6.8 Bayesian Estimation
7. Interval Estimation
7.1 Confidence Intervals for Means
7.2 Confidence Intervals for the Difference of Two Means
7.3 Confidence Intervals for Proportions
7.4 Sample Size
7.5 DistributionFree Confidence Intervals for Percentiles
7.6 More Regression
7.7 Resampling Methods
8. Tests of Statistical Hypotheses
8.1 Tests About One Mean
8.2 Tests of the Equality of Two Means
8.3 Tests for Variances
8.4 Tests About Proportions
8.5 Some DistributionFree Tests
8.6 Power of a Statistical Test
8.7 Best Critical Regions
8.8 Likelihood Ratio Tests
9. More Tests
9.1 ChiSquare GoodnessofFit Tests
9.2 Contingency Tables
9.3 OneFactor Analysis of Variance
9.4 TwoWay Analysis of Variance
9.5 General Factorial and 2k Factorial Designs
9.6 Tests Concerning Regression and Correlation
9.7 Statistical Quality Control
APPENDICES
A. References
B. Tables
C. Answers to OddNumbered Exercises
D. Review of Selected Mathematical Techniques
D.1 Algebra of Sets
D.2 Mathematical Tools for the Hypergeometric Distribution
D.3 Limits
D.4 Infinite Series
D.5 Integration
D.6 Multivariate Calculus

Salient Features
Approximately 25 new examples and more than 75 new exercises have been added.
A new section (Section 2.5) on the hypergeometric distribution is provided, adding to material previously scattered throughout the first and second chapters.
Discussion of new topics includes the index of skewness and the laws of total probability for expectations and the variance.
New material has been added on the topics of percentile matching and the invariance of maximum likelihood estimation.
A new section on hypothesis testing for variances also includes confidence intervals for a variance and for the ratio of two variances."




